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contrastive grammar

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قديم 08-27-2010, 01:27 AM   #1 (permalink)
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Exclamation contrastive grammar







contrastive grammar


contrastive grammar and notice



As many students in translation department need to find exact – accurate rules how to practise their information built by their personal information days after days into translated from Arabic to English or vice versa.
I find this subject need to more research and specialized efforts by who considered being nominated grammarian teachers or author, and not as one like me still fight to earn his less certificate in the world, although I put myself in the first grade as I have been reading the most useful books published by the world British or American.
Being read more books, and in the last recent days I caught well formed book and it is basically worth to reading and could be considered a dependable book in teaching contrastive grammar helps translators more and more, but it is lack to mention the absolute and relative manners of the verb dealing with time and its aspect referring to the general time of the sentence in both Arabic or English language. The book is practical in such means authored by Dr. Reem Aljaref from Saudi Arabia University, another book by none nominated contain 101 rules of grammar seem to be also not tackled the main problem.
According to this I had written many messages appeal to put united universal grammar to the world, although I have found some difficulties in the new version of grammar written by new grammarians and explored through internet websites and I had examined myself through some patterns for primary examination and have got the success in the middle of the line.
I have attached my confidential friend teacher of grammar in British but alas to say he didn’t know Arabic.
Therefore I appeal you as you are deep- rotted in the region deal with Arabic and English to collect the best rules dealing with contrastive grammar especially which I named it the relative and absolute times.
I have gathered some rules but still need more interview and for me myself yet I am not satisfied in some what teachers analyze, and for example this sentence:
Ali said that he had gone to the market two days before.
قال علي أنه ذهب إلى السوق قبل يومين

Because the time of both of them is the (past)
The tense of both them is the (past) or past tense perfective aspect to English
The form of both them is also past
How I say the second one is relative as the verb take its time from the first one, he said it is remote, yes remote happened as a period faster, but its form, its tense, its time already are refer to past so it is basically united in its roots, why he said no, no it is relative, he seemed as one afraid to catch the fire ….alas????
Another problem more than to complain our book's author not to mention his name he is off course had graduated some years over – in chapter 3 of his delighted book said only the non finites verbs in English consider to be relative, yes that’s right by the all sense, but in chapter 4 returned to say the aspects form i.e. to say for example past tense progressive aspect or present tense perfective or progressive aspect – is considered to be relative , so it is obvious he hasn’t a confident in his self then I am obliged to burden the result of his writing in no means, but I am student.
Another example is; this sentence:
رأيت علي يقود سيارته.

And to more explain the second verb time of event or action is including the main verb's time i.e. as a basin contains another event.
And for question could I say? : I have seen Ali driving his car. Because each of us being afraid not to make confusion in grammar.
For these purposes I appeal to put at least united contrastive grammar to the Arab area



Controversial subject in grammar – contrasted We know as if we draw horizontal (straight) line to resemble the action, so we know that the sentence contain two verbs and one of them has happened before the second, so the first must be in past perfective and the second should be in past, this is not difficult to learn, but the problem is; which of them is absolute and which of them is relative, for me I considered both of them are absolute……how? To translate this easy sentence to English which seem morphologically happened at the past I say with no delay (I saw Ali driving his car) and here the both second verb in English (driving) and the Arabic accepted to be relative because the English form is non finite, and the Arabic is present (imperfect) but its time refer absolutely to the past. Here is obvious difference between time and form, so the verb with no doubt is relative.



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قديم 08-27-2010, 05:14 AM   #2 (permalink)
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